As I have been to many wildlife parks in many areas, they have the same environmental process. From the definition of the wildlife park, in my opinion, I think it is the guarding of the wildlife in that area by preserving the natural area including the surrounding. Thus, I think the wildlife park can even be established in the metropolis like Tokyo as long as it can maintain the standard of living of the wildlife to serve the main objective of the establishment.
Nowadays, the human’s livelihood has changed and that is the reason why we need to protect the nature. Firstly, the population is growing at an exponential rate. When a number of people are growing, the demand for resources is also increasing. Secondly, there is a phenomenon of an increase in economic growth and technological progress. Economic growth has led to a higher standard of living which causes the consumption of the resources to go beyond the basic necessities of human needs. At the same time, advances in technology have also made it easier to use resources. As a result, infrastructures have been created more and more in this world. Thus, wildlife would be invaded by these processes. The establishment of the wildlife park will preserve animals, also some native species in that area, for people in this and the next generation to experience the nature in first hand while increases the awareness of the responsibility and the guardianship to promote and preserve the wildlife conservation.
I used to have an experience at the “Willowbank wildlife reserve” in New Zealand. Its main objective is to preserve wildlife, especially New Zealand native species, such as Kiwis which are not displayed in the cage. Furthermore, it also introduces the wildlife providing the wildlife’s information in the natural surrounding which can be wandered and fed freely under the control of experts. There are events and a restaurant surrounded by the glass which visitors can observe the wildlife while eating without destroying the nature which is one of the strategies to attract the visitors. This wildlife park is located near the Christchurch International Airport taking 5 minutes by car and 15 minutes from the central city which provides a convenient access to visitors.
On the other hand, compared to the Tokyo port wild bird park, it contains the same objective which is to open up for the education and preservation of the wildlife including the insects in the forest and grasslands. Both locations are also similar which is near the city and the airport. In contrast, the Tokyo park website specifically claims that this park is able to have a picnic for leisure. I have not been to this park so I do not whether there is a specific place to arrange these events or not. Because the wildlife livelihood contains some basic knowledge, visitors might act some inappropriate circumstances which is harmful to nature.
Furthermore, the location of the wildlife park might cause nuisance to the wildlife. In the case of Tokyo wildlife park, it surrounds by the infrastructure, such as the market and factories which might cause the pollution and unsuitable environment to the wildlife. The wildlife park official should take a responsibility to manage a suitable environment to preserve their habitats since humans invade into their areas.
In conclusion, the wildlife park is one of the place which can increase the awareness of visitors as long as humans can strictly maintain the appropriate definition and objective of the establishment. For example, the protection of the relating factors, visitors and surrounding areas which can create negative effects to the park.
1. “New Zealand Tourist Attractions | Willowbank Wildlife Reserve & Restaurant.” New Zealand Tourist Attractions | Willowbank Wildlife Reserve & Restaurant. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2017.
2. “Let’s enjoy bird watching in the center of Greater Tokyo.” Tokyo Port Wild Bird Park. N.p. n.d. Web 14 May 2017