This was taken on the way to aikan-misaki after the lecture at Hokkaido University Field Science Center for Nothern Biosphere. We saw some really big trees that seem to be at least 300 years old. Below the trees were low shrubs grown almost completely covering the ground. I think I was seeing the final stage of ecological succession. This forest was like no other forests I have been; it felt much calm and complete. All other trees must have been defeated in the complexed competition in the long process of ecological succession and the result was what we saw on the way. To think that these trees existed for hundreds of years before us is nothing but beyond amazing. I felt so powerless but at the same time I was afraid of our capacity to easily end the history of his succession.