National parks law in Japan

Wednesday 3rd August, wth Mr Harada head chief of the Tancho Crane Sanctuary we went near Hororo River, in Tsurui area where deforestation is still currently going on. In our first presentation, with team Salamander, we focus on the issue of deforestation and we were looking for information on the current situation. According to Mr…, Japanese national parks contrary to American national park are not 100% public but some parts are actually private properties. Those private properties are mainly owned by dairy farmes and timber companies. Actually, people willing to exploit the lands can obtain permit and implement a clear- cut off the forest. Still, those companies are compelled to replant trees. But for economic reasons, in place of the deciduous forests, those companies plant alder trees, then replacing the native forest of the areas. Moreover, he highlights the fact that dear breezing coupled with invasion of Sasa spcies.

This sharing of national park between pubic and private properties is very surprising for me. According to Mr Harada, this is made to have larger national parks. However, I do not see the point as soon as the authorities does not have power to administrate the land but have to cooperate with private whose interest go against them. Then, I better understand how difficult it is for associations who militate reforestation to implement efficient policies if the deforestation is still going on. This issue gives an insight on how complicated it is to enforce efficient actions when juridictions are overlapsing. Especially, this issue accounts for a broader problem related to the national policy of parks. Still, it seems that in this case, maybe to constraint the timber companies to plant deciduous trees at the place of alder trees may appear as an obvious solution. Obviously, this is more costing for companies, but the National Park should be able to enforce this kind of regulation over private companies.

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